Welcome to Hungary
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Homepage
Geography
Culture
Questions
Classroom Activities
Teacher's Page


Welcome to the world of Hungary! This website will help you to get to know the geography, culture, basic facts, and other information about Hungary. This website also provides students with a "Questions" page, which needs to be completed after the entire country is explored. The teacher's page will provide students with a calendar for upcoming events in the class, homework assignments which can be found under the student portfolios section, and volunteer opportunities for your parents/guardians. The classroom activities page describes three of the projects that we will complete during class. Our last project will be a fun and creative fine arts activity that will be presented in class. Enjoy Hungary!
Population: 9,976,062 (July 2011)Comparison to world: 84th largest countryCapital: Budapest (1.705 million) (in 2009)Government Type: parliamentary democracyGov. Conventional Long Name: Republic of HungaryGov. Conventional Short Name: HungaryChief of State: President Pal SchmittNational Symbol: Holy Crown of Hungary (Crown of Saint Stephen)National Holiday: Saint Stephen's Day (Aug. 20th)



(Wikipedia, 2011)


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Flag of Hungary

Above is the flag of Hungary, which contains three colors: red, white and green.The horizontal stripes are all of equal size, and each color symbolizes something important to the citizens of Hungary. The red stripe symbolizes strength; white, faith-fulness; green, hope. The colors can have alternative meanings as well, red being seen as the blood that was shed while defending the land, white for freedom, and green for the pastures that make up for most of the land in the country Hungary.
(CIA- World Factbook, 2011)














Above is the national anthem of Hungary, "Himnusz" (Hymn). Listen carefully to the instrumental music! See how the music makes you feel. Ask yourself how this anthem is similar and dissimilar to the national anthem of the United States. Their national anthem was written in 1823 and not adopted as the national anthem until 1844. The words of the national anthem are:

God Bless the Hungarians With good cheer and propriety Extend a protective arm If they fight the enemy. Torn by misfortune for long, Give them happy years. These people have expiated The past and the future.

(Youtube, 2011)



Below is a video that shows the many different aspects of Hungary. It focuses on the cultural aspect of the country, the tourist attractions, and it also shares some important facts.









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Saint Stephen of Hungary
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Firework celebration on August 20th



Above is a picture of Sain Stephen, who is honored on August 20th every year. Saint Stephen, 969-1038, was the first Christian King of Hungary and did numerous missionary trips and works. He was a dedicated Christian and everything that he did was for God. Saint Stephen worked to spread the Christian faith throughout the country and he founded monasteries* and churches all over the land. Stephen was a man of love and compassion for those in need. He would visit those in need in their houses and wash their feet, and he went out in disguises so that he could go about his missionary work as a normal individual away from fame. Saint Stephen is also known as the "Apostle of Hungary". During the celebration of August 20th, people spend time with family and friends while watching fireworks in honor of Saint Stephen. (AYearofPrayer,n.d.)

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The royal crown if Saint Stephen

Vocabulary:
Monasteries: a house for persons under religous vows to God, such as monks and nuns.
Saint: a spiritual person usually chosen by God and christian people.
Apostle: a person sent on a mission for their faith
Missionary work: a person undertaking a mission to travel and spread the messages of their faith and religion.










Page Created by Ashton Romine ©
acromin@ilstu.edu


Created: 11/28/2011
Last Modified: 12/10/2011








References:
a year of prayer: 365 Rosaries: August 16: Saint Stephen of Hungary. (n.d.). a year of prayer: 365 Rosaries. Retrieved December 10, 2011, from http://365rosaries.blogspot.com/2011/08/august-16-saint-stephen-of-hungary.html

Culture of Hungary - history, people, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social. (n.d.). Countries and Their Cultures. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Hungary.html

Hungary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungary

Hungary Images - Lonely Planet. (n.d.). Lonely Planet Travel Guides and Travel Information. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from http://www.lonelyplanet.com/hungary/images