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Let's Explore the Geography of Russia!

The maps on this page share the story of Russia's geography. As we look at the following maps we will also learn about the different types of maps. These maps will replace the map skills found in your textbook. This is important information that will be presented on your next exam. Keep this information in a safe place where you will be able to access it and study from it later.

Map of Russia

To the right is a map of Russia. This map shows the size of Russia. It also shows the major cities and the capitol.

The capitol of Russia is Moscow.

Saint Basil's Cathedral can be found in Red Square, in the capitol city, Moscow. Ivan the Terrible ordered for the Cathedral to be built in 1552 and it was finished 8 years later in 1560. There is not much known about the two builders, Barma and Postnik Yakovlev, but there is a legend that states that Ivan the Terrible had their eyes gouged out so that they could not create anything comparable to St. Basil's Cathedral. When the building was first built it was all white with the onion domes painted gold. In 1860, the cathedral was rebuilt. The outside was repainted to its current red and the gold onion domes were replaced with decorated ones. (, 2011)


The maps below are population maps. A population map tells us how many people live in one part of the country. These maps show the population of Russia. The map states the actual number of people in each section of the country and the amount of people in that section compared to the entire population.

The population of Russia is 149 million people. (, 2011)
Population Map of Russia by Persons

Population Map of Russia by Percentage

Physical Map of Russia
The map above shows the physical lay
Ural Mountains
out of the country. A physical map shows the physical features of an area, such as the mountains, rivers and lakes. The water is usually shown in blue. Colors are used to show relief. Green is typically used at lower elevations, and orange or brown indicate higher elevations. (, 2011)
Russia's landmarks are found across the entire country. In Northern Russia, the land is tundra and forests with thousands of lakes. In Eastern Russia, the land is 2,500 miles of the Ural Mountains. In Southern Russia, the Caucasus Mountains can be found spanning from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea. In Western Russia, 75% of the population can be found living in cities and the other 25% of the population can be found in rural areas. (, 2011)

relief - the differences in land elevations
lower elevations - canyons, valleys, etc.
higher elevations - mountains, cliffs, etc.

Resource Map of Russia

The map to the left is a resource map of Russia. A resource map shows what types of resources can be found in the area. The cartographers use symbols to represent the types of resources. (, 2011)

The important resources found in Russia are oil, natural gas, minerals, and timber. Important manufacturing include, cars, steel, and other heavy manufacturing. Important farming crops are wheat, barley, oats, potatoes, and sunflowers. (, 2011)

Cartographer - map maker

Climate Map of Russia

The map to the right is a climate map of Russia. A climate map shows general information about the climate or precipitation of an area. (, 2011)

The climate in Russia changes dramatically across the different regions. The climate in the south is steppe. Then you travel to European Russia and the climate is humid continental. In the region of Siberia, the climate is subarctic. Then in the polar north region, the climate is tundra. (CIA World Factbook, 2011)

precipitation - rain and snow
steppe - low precipitation
humid continental - large variations in seasonal temperatures
subarctic - long very cold winters, cool short summers
tundra - very cold year round, none of the months have a temperature higher than 50 degrees

Map of Moscow to St. Petersburg

Distance between the two cities: 743 km
Time it takes to travel from Moscow to St. Petersburg: 9 hours and 53 minutes driving

Now you have reached the end of the geography section. There are a few questions that you should answer in your social studies notebook. The questions can be found below.

How does Russia's population compare to the United States' population?

How different is Russia's climate to the United States' climate?

If I were traveling from Chicago to a certain town, what town and state would I have to visit if I wanted to travel the same distance between Moscow and St. Petersburg?


CERBA. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from,r:15,s:0

Current Russia Issues. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 6, 2011, from,r:8,s:0

Info Please. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from,r:7,s:0&tx=101&ty=100

Map Gallery of Russia. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 4, 2011, from,r:6,s:0&tx=124&ty=104

Maps. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 9, 2011, from,r:4,s:0

Russia. (n.d.). CIA World Factbook. Retrieved December 3, 2011, from

Russia Geography. (n.d.). Kidport Home Page. Retrieved December 6, 2011, from

School Work Helper. (n.d.). Google. Retrieved December 6, 2011, from,r:6,s:0

St. Basil's Cathedral on Red Square, Moscow. (n.d.). Moscow.Info - Complete travel guide featuring tourist and business information for Moscow, Russia.. Retrieved December 7, 2011, from

Types Of Maps: From Climate To Topographic. (n.d.). Fact Monster: Online Almanac, Dictionary, Encyclopedia, and Homework Help — Retrieved December 6, 2011, from

Page Created by Jackie Pieroni ©
Created: 11/28/11
Last Modified: 12/9/11